Saturday, December 28, 2019

Heart of Darkness/Apocalypse Now Essay - 1782 Words

ENGLISH EXTENSION ESSAY – Heart of Darkness/Apocalypse Now The dark core of human nature has been a timeless notion, explored and extrapolated by many literary critics. Both the core text, Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad and its film appropriation, Apocalypse Now directed by Francis Ford Coppola, ignite interest as to question whether humans are essentially creatures of dark nature when stripped down to bare essentials. When these are linked to values of greed and hunger for power and domination, these forces emerge through extreme characterization. Furthermore, through the manipulation of the setting, one can also see the dark forces are reflected in the surroundings. Under the guise of civilisation, the central characters pursue†¦show more content†¦The confusion in morality manifested in mentality changes can also be found through the driver of the boat seen in, That fool-helmsman, his hands on the spokes, was lifting his knees high, stamping his feet, clamping his mouth, like a reined in horse. The use of simile and animal im agery shows Helmsman losing his mind. Marlow describes Kurtz as being a gifted creature and of all his attributes, the one that stood out pre-eminently, was his ability to talk, his words--the gift of expression, the bewildering, the illuminating, the most exalted and the most contemptible, the pulsating stream of light, or the deceitful flow from the heart of an impenetrable darkness. Through the use of high modality language and asyndeton, Kurtz Ultimately, Conrad presents to the audience that one cannot simply go forth to dominate another culture and not be affected. This is highlighted in the end of the novel as Marlow sits in contemplation and comments, the uttermost ends of the earth flowed somber under an overcast sky--seemed to lead into the heart of an immense darkness. The use of pathetic fallacy leaves the audience with an unsettled feeling that is unresolved, as the ending leaves it up to the reader to make judgments. Apocalypse Now is the film appropriation of Heart of Darkness directed by Francis Ford Coppola in 1979. Similarly, the film indicts the AmericanShow MoreRelated Comparative Essay of Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now1050 Words   |  5 PagesComparative Essay of Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now The ties between Joseph Conrads book, â€Å"Heart of Darkness† and Francis Coppolas movie, â€Å"Apocalypse Now† are unmistakable. Apocalypse Nows correctness in following the story line of the Heart of Darkness is amazing although the settings of each story are from completely different location and time periods. From the jungle of the Congo in Africa to the Nung river in Vietnam, Joseph Conrads ideals are not lost. In both the bookRead MoreEssay Apocalypse Now / Heart of Darkness862 Words   |  4 Pages When Joseph Conrad sat down to write Heart of Darkness over a century ago he decided to set his tale amidst his own countrys involvement in the African Congo. Deep in the African jungle his character would make his journey to find the Captain gone astray. Over eighty years later Francis Ford Coppolas Willard would take his journey not in Afica but in the jungles of South Asia. Coppolas Film, Apocalypse Now uses the backdrop of the American Vietnam War yet the similarities between the ConradsRead More Comparing Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness Essay1489 Words   |  6 PagesComparing Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness   Ã‚   In the opening scenes of the documentary film Hearts of Darkness-A Filmmakers Apocalypse, Eleanor Coppola describes her husband Franciss film, Apocalypse Now, as being loosely based on Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness. Indeed, loosely is the word; the period, setting, and circumstances of the film are totally different from those of the novella. Yet, a close analysis of character, plot, and theme in each respective work reveals thatRead More Apocalypse Now vs Heart of Darkness Essay1120 Words   |  5 Pages Francis Ford Coppola’s Apocalypse Now lacks the impact of its inspiration, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. While the basic elements of imperialism and human nature remain intact, the characters of the film bare little resemblance to their literary counterparts. The film serves as a re-interpretation of Conrad’s novella, updated from 19th-century British imperialism in the Congo to a critique of 20th-century U.S. imperialism in Southeast Asia. Cop pola’s changes in setting and plot structure, howeverRead MoreHeart of Darkness vs. Apocalypse Now Essay816 Words   |  4 Pages In Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now, both Joseph Conrad and Francis Ford Coppola create similar statements through their creations as they both centralize their views upon the effects of environmental changes that affect the human condition. The film Apocalypse Now vaguely reflects a similar message pursued by Conrad’s novella, due to the difference in time period, place setting, and circumstances in which the film was created. Conrad wrote his novella during British colonization, focusingRead More Revealing the Heart of Darkness in Apocalypse Now Essay2178 Words   |  9 PagesRevealing the Heart of Darkness in Apocalypse Now Often a novel filmed as a movie departs from the original story, sometimes for better, sometimes for worse.   However, many great works of literature have inspired movies, and served as the basis for a great film, even though the film may approach the literature in a different way. Such is the case with Francis Ford Coppolas Apocalypse Now, which was inspired by Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness.   Coppola and the screenwriter, John MileusRead More Transformation in Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now Essay1685 Words   |  7 PagesTransformation in Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Since Francis Ford Coppola’s   Apocalypse Now was based on Joseph Conrads novel, Heart of Darkness, it is possible to draw many parallels between the two works. Both can be interpreted as metaphors for a journey through the inner self, and each has its own particular message to convey. In many ways they also appear to have similarities to Arthurian Legend, in particular the quest for the holy grail, and other allegorical journeyRead MoreEssay on Compare and Contrast Heart of Darkness/Apocalypse Now1353 Words   |  6 PagesApocalypse Now, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, is the story of Captain Willards journey up the Nung River in Cambodia to kill a general, Kurtz, who has lost control of himself. It is set in the Vietnam War and is a very gritty and affecting film. Imagine my surprise when I learned that it was sort of based on Joseph Conrads famous novella, Heart of Darkness. Conrads book, the tale of the sailor Marlowes African adventure, is a study on the evils of colonialism. The two stories at first glanceRead More Light and Dark in Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness Essay1677 Words   |  7 PagesDark in Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness    In Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness, Marlow chooses a brighter path than his counterpart in Francis Ford Coppolas Apocalypse Now, Capt. Willard. The two share in the duty of searching for and discovering Kurtz, as well as taking care of his memory, but their beliefs before encountering him place the characters at opposing ends of a theme. These opposing ends are light and dark, representing good and evil. In the opening pages of Heart of DarknessRead MoreHuman Nature in Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now Essay744 Words   |  3 PagesHuman Nature in Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now In Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness and Francis Ford Coppolas Apocalypse Now the reader learns more and more about human nature as Marlow, Captain Willard, go farther and farther up the river in search of Kurtz. An evil side lies within every man, but this evil remains repressed by society. When moving up the river and farther away from civilization, the evil side begins to break out. Whenever basically different cultures meet

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Persuasive Speech On Volunteering At The United States

Me to We† Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that volunteering in service to others will make them (the audience) happier and healthier people. Central Idea: We are part of the Millennial Generation, known as the â€Å"Me Generation†, and I want to encourage you to recognize our tendency to be self-focused, to step out to help others through volunteerism, and to recognize the benefits of volunteering in your life. Introduction â€Å"Millennials† is a term referring to people born in the United States after 1982. That would be all of us! I do not mind being called a Millennial, but I have a problem with the other term that is often associated with us – the â€Å"Me Generation†. Many people view us as the young folks who put their own needs first and focus on feeling good about ourselves. Now, don’t get me wrong – I am not saying that there is anything wrong with looking out for our own best interests and doing things that make us happy. What a miserable existence it would be to live a self-destructive lifestyle or one of never finding happiness in our lives! No! What I would like for us to think about for the next few minutes is how we can incorporate helping others in our quest for our own happiness. I want to explore the possibility that in volunteering, we can find true happiness and change the perception that we possess only self-involved qualities. Listen to what one â€Å"Millennial†, Paul Loughran, student at Queens University Belfast, had to say on volunteering: â€Å"WithoutShow MoreRelatedThe Power Of A Word Is Humongous1247 Words   |  5 Pagesknow how to use this weapon to make the world a better place. Persuasive writing is a form of writing the main purpose of which is to persuade readers that the writer’s opinion is correct. But how can you convince anybody through writing? What are the components of the persuasive writing? How is persuasive writing different from verbal persuasion? These are the questions that individuals need to understand in order to succeed in persuasive writing. An ability of human beings to convinceRead MoreFeeding America840 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿ Feeding America Persuasive Speech Introduction to Communications Topic: Hunger in America Purpose: To persuade my audience to feed people in America that are less fortunate than we are. Thesis Statement: The number of American that does not have food to eat due to job loss, the economy, and other reasons are constantly growing. If we stuck together and helped one another, we could make that number that is constantly growing, decline. I. Introduction We see homeless people everyRead MoreMy Experience At The Mountain View Hospital2263 Words   |  10 Pagesthe patient’s rooms, not the phone that is for the entire hospital, because I do not know all the hospital protocols and codes. However, I can do other things to provide care, compassion, and relief to the post-partum mothers. On one of my days volunteering I had a particularly nice experience, which reflects how volunteers can provide a service to their community through small acts of kindness. A mother just had her third child, her other two children, who seemed to be no older that 5 or 6 yearsRead MoreEssay about The Beginning of World War I1494 Words   |  6 Pagestime, so many people such as Paul, from the novel All Quiet on the Western Front, by Remarque, volunteered to go to war. The war was of such importance at the time that teachers such as Kantorek used half-truths to induce the young students into volunteering. The blame may be put onto Kantorek for convinc ing the students to join; however at the time of need, one â€Å"couldn’t blame Kantorek for this. Where would the world be if one brought every man to book? There were thousands of Kantoreks, all of whomRead MoreSociology and Group41984 Words   |  168 Pagesam. d. I create. e. I accuse. Answer: a. I believe. . All of the following principles of ethical communication are included in the National Communication Association s Credo for Ethical Communication EXCEPT a. We endorse freedom of speech only when the truth does not cause detrimental results or harm others. b. We advocate truthfulness, accuracy, honesty, and reason as essential to the integrity of communication. c. We strive to understand and respect other communicators beforeRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagestextbook appear on appropriate page within text. Copyright  © 2011, 2007, 2005, 2002, 1998 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanicalRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages Organizational Behavior This page intentionally left blank Organizational Behavior EDITION 15 Stephen P. Robbins —San Diego State University Timothy A. Judge —University of Notre Dame i3iEi35Bj! Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services:Read MoreStrategic Human Resource Management View.Pdf Uploaded Successfully133347 Words   |  534 Pagesincluding photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, must be arranged with the individual copyright holders noted. This special edition published in cooperation with Pearson Custom Publishing. Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Please visit our web site at ISBN 0–536–72690–6 BA 996748 PEARSON CUSTOM PUBLISHING 75 Arlington Street, Suite 300 Boston, MA 02116 A Pearson Education Company iii iv Table ofRead MoreLibrary Management204752 Words   |  820 Pages Library and Information Center Management Recent Titles in Library and Information Science Text Series Library and Information Center Management, Sixth Edition Robert D. Stueart and Barbara B. Moran United States Government Information: Policies and Sources Peter Hernon, Harold C. Relyea, Robert E. Dugan, and Joan F. Cheverie Library Information Systems: From Library Automation to Distributed Information Access Solutions Thomas R. Kochtanek and Joseph R. Matthews The Complete Guide to Acquisitions

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Risk For Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements

Question: Discuss About The Risk For Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements? Answer: Introducation: Philippa is a 36-year old woman diagnosed with the left breast cancer that is metastatic. The metastases are in the lymph nodes of the left axilla, both the lungs and the liver. However, the primary lesion was removed by surgery three years ago but it was aggressively metastatic as it was related to BRACA1 gene. It was two months ago that she developed the axillary, hepatic and pulmonary metastases. She lives with Alice, who is her partner and two children, an 11-year-old girl known as Catherine and a 7-year old boy known as Geoffrey. At a multinational corporation, Philippa was working as a financial manager but ceased after the confirmation of the metastases. Following this, she had to resign from work. Philippas partner works from home as an interior designer but the condition of the partner is overwhelming demanding much time. She is the only person who can care for Philippa and the children. Philippa is experiencing symptoms and signs such as an itching skin, anorexia, abdominal swelling, fatigue, oral thrush, xerostomia, and shortness of breath on exertion. Alice helps in the management of these manifestations. Currently, Philippa is on medications as follows: Oral solution of Nystatin, 1ml after every six hours per day Metoclopramide 10mg after every 8 hours and has to be taken 30 minutes before having meals. 2 puffs of salbutamol inhaler four times per day. 10mg of prednisolone two times a day. Aim: The aim of this poster is to prioritise five nursing issues that arise from Philippas assessment and identify two most critical ones based on the severity as an effect to the patient and Maslows hierarchy of needs. Nursing issues: Ineffective breathing patterns Imbalanced nutrition, less than body requirements Risk for electrolyte and fluid imbalance Risk for impaired integrity of the skin Risk for complicated grieving (MacAvoy, Moritz, 2013) The two main nursing issues to be considered are; ineffective breathing patterns and imbalanced nutrition, less than body requirements. Ineffective Breathing Patterns. The metastases from the primary lesion of the left breast reached Philippas left and right lungs. As such, both of them have cancerous cells that impair the respiratory function of the lung parenchyma. This is confirmed by Philippas shortness of breath on exertion, cough and dry mouth, oral thrush and fatigue, which result from ineffective breathing ("Respiratory System", 2015). The three major nursing issues that must always be assessed first even during resuscitation are the airway, breathing and blood circulation because they are essential for delivery of basic nutrients to the bodys vital organs such as the liver, the kidneys, the heart and the brain. Because Philippa has shortness of breath, the amount of air delivered to the alveoli is lower and subsequently, the vital organs will receive less oxygen (Bockov, Mare?kov, Zapletalov, 2015). This can be identified by taking the saturation rates of oxygen in the blood. Additionally, the impaired pattern of breathing triggers a physiological response that forces Philippa to breathe through the mouth. When oral inhalation is prolonged, further xerostomia shall be witnessed and mouth sores develop. Additionally, Philippa has oral thrush due to the xerostomia and reduced functions of the lungs. Prednisolone is prescribed to prevent further inflammation of the mouth and other parts of the body (Tanser, 2017). T he shortness of breath also causes a straining effect on Philippas diaphragm and the intercostal muscles. Consequently, she developed the fatigue as witnessed on assessment. Because the Philippas lungs are neoplastic due to the metastases, there is need to prioritise and stabilise her breathing because. e any further delay would lead to respiratory arrest and eventual death. Again, this is the reason she is on salbutamol inhaler to dilate her airway (Smith, 2012). Additionally, nystatin is given to prevent the spread of metastatic cells (Sambo, Tumia, Bradaschia, Pavat, Szymska, 2016). Risk For Imbalanced Nutrition, Less Than Body Requirements. Philippa is at risk of lacking vital nutrients such as glucose, electrolytes, proteins, vitamins, water among others in the body. Various reasons underlie this fact. First off, she has reduced appetite, a dry mouth and a swollen abdomen. Lack of appetite results in the refusal to ingest food and therefore, the absorptive sites of the gastrointestinal tract are less active. The body will not receive energy that is required for cellular respiration and other activities. Furthermore, water is not also taken. Water is vital for blood formation, dilution of toxins and excretion of substances through urine and faeces. Essentially, every body organ needs water for all functions. Again, Philippa has a dry mouth, indicating that saliva is insufficient (Hogan, Gingrich, 2014) The saliva is necessary for lubrication of food for easy peristalsis and digestion. Therefore, a dry mouth will not facilitate swift digestion. One of the major reasons the patient has fatigue is due to the loss of appetite and subsequent deficiency of energy in the body. Philippas swollen abdomen is due to the cancerous cells in the liver. As such, there is impairment of the hepatic functions of detoxification, haematopoiesis, bile manufacturing, clotting factor-formation, protein synthesis, storage and release of glycogen, production of immune factors, clearance of bilirubin among others (Patel, Abate, 2013). Bile salts play a vital role in emulsification and because Philippas liver has cancerous cells, this role is deterred in the duodenum (Heatley, 2013) . The swollen abdomen also may cause pain after eating because there is pressure in the hepatic portal vein that takes nutrient-rich blood to the liver resulting from hepatomegaly (Heatley, 2013) Nutrients play important roles in the body and should always be available to the body. For instance, the brain does not utilise any other form of sugars apart from glucose. If glucose is not available, then cerebral functions are impaired and may eventually cause coma (Lippincott, 2013) Moreover, these nutrients are needed to create energy that is used during movement, basal metabolic rate, cell division, immunity, cognitive functioning, increase in body size among others. Therefore, if they are not consumed, then all the above functions are affected and may lead to eventual death. Therefore, necessary and effective remedies need to be established to help Philippa regain the nutrients needed for her body to function effectively. For instance, a large-bow cannula can be introduced to administer Ringers lactate, glucose, and normal saline to the blood (Lippincott, 2013) Again, a nasogastric tube may be introduced to administer food supplements directly to the stomach. Conclusion Philippa was diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer that spread to the lungs, axillary lymph nodes and the liver. Additionally, she is currently on medications that are sustaining her. The major nursing issues identified in her case includes ineffective patterns of breathing, imbalanced nutrition, less than body requirements, risk for fluid and electrolyte imbalance, risk for complicated grieving and risk for impaired skin integrity. Much focus was on the patterns of breathing and imbalanced nutrition. Breathing is important for delivery of oxygen to the tissues. On the other hand, nutrients are vital for creation of energy, enhancing metabolic functions, body building, strengthening the immunity and other functions. Therefore, prompt and effective measures have to be taken to enhance Philippas functionality and battling of cancer. References Bockov, S., Mare?kov, J., Zapletalov, J. (2015). Content validation of the diagnosis Ineffective Breathing Pattern.Kontakt,17(1), e24-e31. Heatley, R. (2013).Gastrointestinal and hepatic immunology(1st ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hogan, M., Gingrich, M. (2014).Pathophysiology(1st ed.). Boston: Pearson. Lippincott, W. (2013).Brunner and suddarth's textbook of medical -surgical nursing 12th ed. + nursing diagnosis, ..(1st ed.). [Place of publication not identified]: Wolters Kluwer Health. MacAvoy, S., Moritz, D. (2013). Nursing diagnoses in an oncology population.Cancer Nursing,15(4), 264-270. Patel, P., Abate, N. (2013). Body Fat Distribution and Insulin Resistance.Nutrients,5(6), 2019-2027. Respiratory System. (2015).Pathology International,5(3), 214-216. Sambo, L., Tumia, P., Bradaschia, S., Pavat, P., Szymska, K. (2016). H07From scientific evidence to clinical practice in cancer patients: NANDA-I: imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements (00002) and care planning.Annals Of Oncology,27(suppl_4), iv81-iv81. Smith, I. (2012). Chemotherapy in metastatic disease: an overview.Breast Cancer Research,9(S1). Tanser, A. (2017). Patterns of breathing in health and disease.Thorax,25(2),

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Surgery in the Renaissance Essay Example For Students

Surgery in the Renaissance Essay Surgery, though crude and painful, did exist in the time of the Renaissance. Early Renaissance surgeons were ignorant of the human body and surgical procedures were almost never successful. They were continuously trying to unveil the mysteries of the body. How and why it functioned, its purposes, and its needs. Dissections uncovered the most knowledge of the body. However, dissections were rare because they were illegal and very risky. If a surgeon was going to dissect someone he did it at night and in secrecy. Many admirable surgeons attained their knowledge and experience on the battlefield. We will write a custom essay on Surgery in the Renaissance specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now They operated on gunshot wounds, inflicted from the primitive firearms used. (Dunn et al. 34) Most of the surgeons poured boiling oil into the flesh wounds to get rid of the infection. This crude form of surgery was proven to be obsolescent when Ambrose Pare, a surgeon at the siege of Turin, discovered a more efficient and less painful way to dress wounds. He used a mixture of egg yolk, rose oil, and turpentine. This method treated patients with less pain, no swelling, and less inflammation than ones treated with boiling oil. (Dunn et al. 5) After religious prohibitions on human dissections and surgical operations were awakened, many discoveries and experiments were made. (WBI Encyclopedia 60) The surgeon, teacher, and brilliant anatomist Andrea Versatile was the founder of modern medicine. Before his time, Renaissance doctors continued to follow the methods of the ancient Greeks. They relied mostly on the works and discoveries of Galen, a Greek physician of the 2nd Century AD. He ba sed most of his conclusions about human anatomy from dissections on Barbara Apes. As a student attending the University of Pad, Versatile made his own ideas of the human anatomy. He conducted and performed dozens of dissections, as well as collecting bones from the reveals, public gallows, and mortuaries. This experience made his ideas and conclusions even more accurate. He was such an outstanding student that he won his degree in medicine at the age of 23. The next day the university appointed him Professor of Surgery. By this time had clearly discovered a large amount. Before he was out of his twenties he published his findings in The Fabric of the Human Body. This work was illustrated with more than 270 detailed woodcuts. This book made new contentions such as: the gall bladder did not open into the stomach and that there were no bones in the heart. Hale et al. 91) In 1661 Robert Belle, the skeptical chemist, discovered air was essential for life. And in 1667, Robert Hooked demonstrated his theory that the key to respiration was the circulation of blood in the lungs by inserting a bellows into a dogs trachea. Dunn et Richard Lower accomplished a successful blood transfusion with a divinity student, Arthur Coca, and a sheep in 1667. (Dunn et al. 39) Another successful surgeon was Jean Baptists Deny. He achieved human and animal transfusions many times. In spite of his success, many deaths occurred afterwards. Thus, the practice was outlawed. All of these achievements gained surgeons equal status with physicians. They earned this honor partly becaus e they were more innovative due to their numerous discoveries. But the discovery did not stop there. In 1718, a French surgeon, J. L. Petit, found a way to control the flow of blood during thigh amputations by inventing an effective tourniquet. (Dunn et al. 40) This was one of the most useful surgical tools used in the Renaissance time because of its effectiveness. It made leg amputations, which were common, much less time consuming. This was a blessing for the patients, considering there were no anesthetics. Claudia Madman performed the first appendectomy in 1736, while dealing with a boys hernia. .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f , .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .postImageUrl , .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f , .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f:hover , .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f:visited , .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f:active { border:0!important; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f:active , .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0337dc823b94be099f96587fe3da0d2f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Renaissance DBQ Document DThis was a major step bearing in mind that abdominal surgery was still very rare in an era with no antiseptics. (Dunn et al. 41) Even without antiseptics or anesthetics, surgeons of the Renaissance were able to evolve their practice into a more modern and successful field. They invented several tools and methods to make their operations quicker and more effective. This era, called the Renaissance, was the turning point in history for surgical procedures. Eventually these inventions and methods became the basis for those used today.